are units of higher education learning that last up to one academic year. There are courses in a wide variety of subjects, from cosmetology to engineering, food and beverage studies to law and regulations, biology to fashion. Serving a multitude of purposes for different students, courses are sometimes used to bridge the gap between different phases of academic study, or to provide additional professional training and qualifications.
A Certificate program teaches students a specific skillset or prepares students to succeed on a qualification exam. Academic programs to achieve a certificate
normally take up to one year to complete. Some students require a certificate to demonstrate understanding of a topic in order to move forward in their careers. A certificate confirms that a student has received specialized training in a field.
is a higher education qualification offered by community colleges, technical schools and some universities around the world. One- to two years of full time study is typically required for a diploma. A diploma program can provide valuable specialized skills, knowledge and experiences. Diplomas can help bridge the gap between secondary school and university, or between undergraduate and graduate study.
Associate degrees are usually two-year degrees that are offered at junior colleges, universities, technical schools and community colleges. In some countries, an associate degree
is equivalent to the first two years of a bachelor’s degree. Graduates from associate degree programs have demonstrated their understanding of fundamental concepts in their area and are qualified to start their professional career or continue their education at university.
A preparatory year
can prepare high school or secondary school graduates for their entry into university. Preparatory year programs may work well for older students as well. Preparatory year programs are available at universities across Europe, North America and Asia. Providing a smooth transition into university, preparatory year courses tend to provide general education that is useful or required in a four-year degree
are a way to build up valuable academic qualifications during the summer holidays. Universities and schools around the world offer summer courses both for full time students who would like to finish their degree sooner and new students looking for an exciting learning opportunity. There are summer courses available in almost any academic discipline and at any level.